There are many conditions that affect your urological health. YourUrologyHealth.com will explain some of the more common conditions, such as, Enlarged Prostate (BPH), Kidney / Bladder Stones, Tumors, and Urethral Strictures, and provide information on some of the available treatments. As it is with many health issues it is important to get diagnosed early. Some of the common conditions that may affect health are:
What is Enlarge Prostate or BPH
Benign (non-cancerous) enlargement of the prostate gland, also known as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH for short), almost every man will experience some symptoms of BPH in their lifetime1. As the prostate enlarges it cuts off the flow of urine down the urethra and results in varying symptoms. BPH is not usually life threatening but you may have found it to be embarrassing, inconvenient and uncomfortable. Symptoms*of BPH include the need to urinate often, the need to urinate suddenly, difficulty emptying your bladder completely, and difficulty sleeping due to frequent urination. This information is provided to help you learn more about prostate enlargement and treatment options available to you.
About the prostate
The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It is located below the bladder and surrounds the urethra. The urethra is the tube that transports urine from the bladder out of the body. The main function of the prostate is to supply fluid that carries semen.
Your physician will first want to diagnose your urination problem and confirm that it is caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and not by something more severe, such as cancer. Your doctor will take your medical history; perform a physical exam that may include a digital rectal exam, a urine test, a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, and/or an ultrasound. There are other tests that your physician may also want to conduct during the diagnostic exam.
The bladder is where urine is stored after it has been processed by the kidneys and is part of the urinary tract. The bladder is lined with transitional cells, tumors, also known as Bladder Cancer, can arise from these transitional cells.
When tumors are in the early stages and have not grown into the bladder wall, they can usually be removed by an outpatient surgical procedure. In more advanced cases, with spread of the cancer to other sites in the body, more aggressive treatment plans must be considered.
It is important to see your doctor early if you are experiencing any symptoms related to BPH, as they also may be the sign of a more serious problem. Currently there isn’t a routine screening test for prostate enlargement. Your doctor may detect BPH during other screening tests that are regularly done to check for prostate or rectal cancer.
Your physician may recommend a variety of treatments depending on severity of your condition, these treatments, may include non-surgical options such as wait-and-see, drug and/or holmium laser surgery.
The most common enlarged prostate (BPH) symptoms have to do with urination and include:
- Waking multiple times at night to urinate
- Sudden and strong urge to urinate
- A frequent need to urinate, sometimes every 2 hours or less
- Pushing or straining to begin urinating
- A weak stream
- Starting and stopping of the stream
- Dribbling after finishing
- Feeling the bladder has not completely emptied after finishing
- Pain or burning while urinating
These symptoms often indicate BPH, but they may, less commonly, be caused by a different problem.
For instance, the symptoms may be caused by: a urinary tract infection involving the bladder or the
kidney; a chronic infection of the prostate; or a medication.